On 5th of June 2018 a representative office of the Chornobyl Radiation and Ecological Biosphere Reserve was opened in Kyiv.
The Chornobyl Radiation and Ecological Biosphere Reserve is the largest reserve in Ukraine, located on the territory of Polessky and Ivankiv districts of Kyiv Region. This is the only reserve in Ukraine, located at the territory contaminated with radionuclides. The area of the reserve is 226964.7 ha.
The reserve was founded in 2016, it belongs to the management sphere of the State Agency of Ukraine for Exclusion Zone Management (SAEZ) and operates with the support of the UNEP Global Environmental Facility (UNEP-GEF).
The reserve headquarters is located in Ivankiv, Kyiv Region. According to the Acting Director of the reserve, Mr. Taras Melnychuk, the opening of the office in the capital will ensure the effectiveness of information and education work, as one of the most important tasks of the reserve is to provide the public with the reliable information on what is happening in the Chornobyl Exclusion zone. For this purpose, the reserve website, pages in social networks work actively, and press tours are organized, the environmental and educational work is conducted among the school youth.
The part of the reserve staff will work directly at its territory in the Exclusion Zone (personnel of the territory security service, foresters, scientists who perform field research, etc.), and scientific staff and administration will work in Ivankiv and Kiev offices.
The Chornobyl Exclusion Zone, a significant part of which territory is occupied by the reserve, is characterized by eight types of landscapes, a large number of wetlands and meadows, about 30 types of the forest growth conditions, 23 dry and 7 water phytocomplexes, 12 dry and 8 water zoo complexes.
The main part of the reserve is located between the rivers Pripyat and Uzh, there is a large number of small rivers, small lakes of the glacial origin. 55% of the territory is covered by forests. The region is crossed by the large migratory paths of birds. The main factor in the creation of the almost reservation conditions at the ChEZ territory is a lack of the anthropogenic factors for decades.
Flora of the Reserve:
Vascular plants – 1228 species including club moss – 5 species, horsetails – 6 species, fern – 13 species, pine – 7 species, monocotyledones – 269 species, dicotyledons – 928 species. In the “Red Data Book” of Ukraine there are 60 species of vascular plants, the Red List of the International Union for Nature P includes 21 species. Among the rare species there is windflower, common snowdrop, checkered lily, spiral-pine, aconite, Siberian iris, willow etc.
Fauna of the Reserve:
In total 339 species of vertebrates are registered, including fish – 60 species, amphibians – 12 species, reptiles – 7 species, birds – 202 species and 58 species of mammals. In the “Red Date Book” of Ukraine there are 65 species, among the rare species there is the Ukrainian lamprey, viper, osprey, Harrier steppe, black stork, white-tailed eagle, the European barbastelle, the brown bear, lynx, otter, Przhewalski horse, auroch, etc.