In this section of the site there are the links to Internet resources on the topic of environmental protection, in particular in the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone.
UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB)
The MAB Programme develops the basis within the natural and social sciences for the rational and sustainable use and conservation of the resources of the biosphere and for the improvement of the overall relationship between people and their environment. It predicts the consequences of today’s actions on tomorrow’s world and thereby increases people’s ability to manage natural resources efficiently for the well-being of both human populations and the environment. The program focuses on sites internationally recognized within the World Network of Biosphere Reserves.
Chornobyl Center for Nuclear Safety, Radioactive Waste and Radioecology
The Center renders expert, engineering, scientific and technical services in the area of ensuring nuclear and power facilities` safety at all stages of their life cycle, carry out scientific research in the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone. The main activities of the Chornobyl Center are as follows: nuclear and radiation safety; RAW management and its characterization; ecology; physical protection of nuclear facilities, nuclear materials, radioactive waste and other IRS; information (computer) technologies; social and information projects.
Chornobyl Radiation and Ecological Biosphere Reserve
Biosphere Reserve was created according to the Decree of the President of Ukraine dated 26.04.2016 No. 174-2016 at the territory of Ivankiv and Polissia districts of Kyiv Region within the Exclusion Zone and Zone of the Unconditional (Obligatory) Resettlement (EZ and ZU(O)R). The objective of establishment of the Reserve is to conserve the most typical natural complexes of the Polissia in the natural state, to support and to enhance the barrier function of the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone, to stabilize the hydrological regime and to rehabilitate areas contaminated with radionuclides, to facilitate the organization and carrying out the international scientific research.
Location: village Askania-Nova, Chaplinsky district of Kherson Region.
Structure: the Northern part, the Big Chapelsky Pod and the Southern part, divided into the Old and Uspenivka (the Uspensky Steppe), the botanical garden, the acclimatization zoological park, the ornithopark
Area: 33 307.6 ha
Year of foundation: 1898, when a wealthy landowner Friedrich Falz-Fein in his family estate on his own initiative for the first time in the world removed from the economic use a part of his land, which became the basis for the largest in Europe (11.054 ha) protected fescue-feather steppe.
Askania-Nova is one of the seven natural wonders of Ukraine and is one of the hundred most well-known reserve territories of the Earth.
Location: Kilia district of Odessa Region.
Structure: the Secondary (sea) Delta of Kilia branch of Danube, Zhebryansky ridge, Stentsevo-Zhebreiansky flowing, Yermakov Riverside Island, the territory of adjacent non-operating fishery
Area: 50252.9 ha
Year of foundation: 1973 as a branch of the Black Sea Reserve
The Reserve is one of the seven natural wonders of Ukraine and is a part of the international network of the UNESCO biosphere reserves.
The uniqueness of the Reserve is associated with the Kilia Delta, the youngest and the most dynamic part of the Danube Delta, as well as the large freshwater reservoirs – estuaries. The wetlands prevail, they are represented by the reed plumes with a network of straits, channels, numerous lakes. There are areas of floodplain forests, meadows, salt marshes, sands, remains of steppes. The relief of the Reserve is plain.
Location: the territory of Rakhiv, Tyachiv, Khust and Vynohradiv districts of Transcarpathian Region.
Structure: 6 separate massifs, as well as the botanical reserves of the state importance ‘Chorna Hora’ and ‘Yulivska Gora
Area: 53630 has
Year of foundation: 1968
The Reserve is a part of the international network of the UNESCO biosphere reserves.
Almost 90% of the Reserve area is covered with forests, mostly primary forests. There are the submontane oak forests, mountain beeches, meadows and spruce forests, subalpine and alpine meadows with pine-alder crooked forests and rocky-lichen landscapes here. There are many rare and endangered species of plants and animals in the Reserve. There are 64 species of plants and 72 species of animals listed in the Red Data Book of Ukraine and the Red List of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, as well as in the European Red List.
Location: the territory and water area of Kherson and partially Mykolaiv Regions.
Structure: the water area and small islands in the Tendrivsky and Yagorlytskyi bays (the islands: Orlov, Smaleni, Babyn, Dovgy and others).
Area: 109 254.8 ha
Year of foundation: 1927
The cenotatic diversity is represented by forests, shrubs, steppes, meadows, coastal water and aquatic vegetation, salt marshes. In the forest-steppe areas, the rare natural complexes of the Nizhnyodniprovsky sands are protected, they are represented by the mosaic of sand steppes, meadows and small groves (forest outliers) of the common oak, the endemic birch of Dnieper, the common pears, the thickets of steppe shrubs, as well as marsh and salt marsh vegetation around lakes and bays.
Location: the north-eastern part of Zhytomyr region, Narodytsky district
Composition: Rozsokhivske, Narodytske, Motiykivske, Sukharivske environmental protection scientific and research departments
Area: 30872,84 ha
Year of creation: 2009.
The main part of the Reserve’s land is covered with the forest vegetation, represented by the main forest species: pine, oak, alder, birch, ash, aspen, hornbeam. The Reserve’s decoration is the rare water-plant groups of white water lily, yellow pond lily, floating watermoss, water chestnut, which are included in the Green Book of Ukraine. The Nature Reserve ‘Drevlyansky’ is one of the elements of the national ecological network (Narodytske Subcore of the Chornobyl Ecological Core), and an important part of the Uzh River valley, which is of great importance for conservation of populations of many species of birds at the national and continental levels. The specificity of the mentioned territory is also the intense contamination by the long-lived radionuclides as a result of the Chornobyl accident.